Cambridge 8
IELTS Task 1 – World Wide Land Degradation

IELTS Task 1 – World Wide Land Degradation

IELTS Task 1 – World Wide Land Degradation

The pie chart below shows the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive. The table shows how these causes affected three regions of the world during the 1990s.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

Cambridge IELTS 8 - Test 1 - Academic Writing - Worldwide Land Degradation

Version 1

The pie chart compares the causes of world land degradation while the table shows the affected by region during the 1990s. Overall, the main causes of this land degradation were due to over-farming and Europe was heavily affected.

More than a quarter of the world’s land degradation was due to the over-cultivation of crops while a third was due to extensive logging. Over-grazing of animals accounts for 35% while the remaining percentage were other situations that affected the land. 40

When it comes to regions, North America had the lowest area when it comes to deforestation less than a percent however, it came to over-cultivation, it shows a 3.3% land affected, and 1.5% overgrazing, a total of 5% in all land. Oceania had over-cultivation issues but had the highest of over-grazing a total of 11.3% and a total of 13% including deforestation. Farmlands in Europe were heavily affected with 23% of its overall land suffering from land degradation. The biggest was deforestation accounting for 9.8% while were 7.7% and 5.5% for over-cultivation and over-grazing respectively.


Version 2

The pie chart compares the top causes of unproductive land brought by soil degradation, while the table shows the percentage of the affected land. Overall, a large portion of unproductive land was partly due to the over-pasturing of land, while Europe’s farmland was greatly affected compared to other regions.

More than a quarter (28%) of worldwide land degradation was due to over-cultivation, and 7.7% of the affected land was found in the region of Europe while 3.3% in North America. Overlogging accounted for 30% of land degradation worldwide, and a tenth of this land was found in Europe, only 1.7% in Oceania, and a small fraction in North America.

More than a third (35%) of land degradation was due to over-grazing, and 10% of the land in Oceania is considered over-grazed while 5% in Europe and 1.5% in North America. In total, almost a quarter of European land was affected by land degradation followed up by Oceania at 13%.


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