IELTS Writing Academic Task 1: Line Graph – Electrical Appliances
IELTS Writing Task 1 Academic
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below shows the changes in ownership of electrical appliances and the amount of time spent doing housework in households in one country between 1920 and 2019.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words.
The first line graph compares the percentage of households with certain electrical appliances from 1920 to 2019 while the second graph compares the total number of hours in housework. Overall, the number of hours spent on household chores decreased throughout the decade while there was an increase in obtaining appliances such as refrigerators and vacuum cleaners.
In 1920, there were only two electrical appliances which were a washing machine, and a vacuum cleaner, 40%, and 30% respectively. Moreover, 50 hours per week were spent on doing housework per household, however, after two decades the number of housework decreased. Almost half of the population started to have a refrigerator, and the other two appliances increased by 20%.
By 1980, all households have a refrigerator and this continued for the succeeding decades while it took two decades more for the vacuum cleaner to be available in every household. In 2019, people doing household work dropped to 10 hours per week, and 70% of households have a washing machine.
The first line graph compares the percentage of the home appliances from 1920 to 2019 while the second graph compares the number of hours in doing household work. Overall, refrigerators and vacuum cleaners were popular compared to washing machines, and the number of hours spent on house chores decreased significantly.
Four out of ten people back in 1920 had washing machines while only three people out of ten had vacuum cleaners this grew by 20% in the next two decades. In the same year, almost half of the population now had a refrigerator and in 1980 all people in this country have this appliance available in their homes while vacuum cleaners reached the peak two decades later. By 2019, seven out of ten people have washing machines, while all people have refrigerators and vacuum cleaners.
Only ten hours were being spent doing household chores such as laundry, preparing meals, and cleaning in 2019, a steady decreased compared to 50 hours per week back in 1920.
Source Cambridge 16
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