IELTS Writing Academic Task 2: Two-part Question 001

IELTS Writing Academic Task 2: Two-part Question 001

IELTS Writing Academic Task 2: Two-part Question 001

As countries develop, their populations tend to live individually or in small family units. What are the causes of this trend and what are the effects on the society?

Since the cost of living increase significantly and change of lifestyle, it is now the norm to have a smaller family or other prefer to be single. Although the effects on society cannot be seen now, eventually this could change the whole economic system and values.

The primary reason for this change is the cost of living, and as a result, people are required to spend extra hours in the workplace to make-ends-meet which sacrifices their personal life such as creating a family or being with someone. Thus, it is more common to see married couples without kids or single individual and if this continues it could bring some challenges to society. Japan is the quintessential country where work is the priority over family and now facing a challenge of aging society where the ratio between older and younger workforce is not proportion which causes more elderly to still work while waiting for their replacement.

Another reason for this trend is the shift of a liberated lifestyle where marriage and having family are no longer seem desirable. Therefore, living alone or having no offspring creates an opportunity to indulge in parties or traveling, but if this lifestyle continues it can bring to change of values. Japan is also known for being family-oriented such as taking care of their elderly, but due to this recent desire to live extravagantly, most of their seniors are now living in homes while the young are enjoying their life traveling causing some changes on how society values the elderly.

To summarize, living by oneself or having a smaller family is due to the change of priorities, from creating a family to creating income, or valuing tradition over a new lifestyle. If this act will continue, society will be greatly affected especially the elderly.

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